Ethyl acetate is a colorless, flammable liquid with a characteristic sweet odor. It is the ester of ethanol and acetic acid. It is a volatile flavor and fragrance ingredient used in food, beverages, and fragrances. It is also used as a solvent in the pharmaceutical and chemical industries. Ethyl acetate is produced by the reaction of ethanol and acetic acid in the presence of sulfuric acid as a catalyst.
It is a VOC (Volatile Organic Compound) and is flammable at certain concentrations. It is classified as an irritant and may cause skin and eye irritation. It is also known to be toxic to aquatic life, so it is important to consider the environment when disposing of ethyl acetate. Ethyl acetate is miscible with water and many organic solvents, including ethanol and acetone. It has a low boiling point, making it useful as a solvent in low-temperature processes. It is also used as a flavor and fragrance ingredient in many food and beverage products.